Abrasion resistance is the capacity of the glazed surface to resist the wear caused by foot traffic or the abrasion caused by mechanical equipment (lift trucks, etc.). The wear action is strictly linked the mechanical agent (rubber sole, leather sol, etc.), the material carried on to the surface (water, sand, mud, etc.) and classified in five categories depending on the areas they are be used in:
PEI I Tiles for areas with light traffic and without abrasive dirt, e.g. bathrooms, bedrooms
PEI II Tiles for areas with average traffic and medium to low abrasion, e.g. studyng rooms, living rooms
PEI III Tiles for areas with higt medium to high traffic and average abrasion, e.g. foyer, kitchen in private residances
PEI IV Tiles for areas with intense traffic, e.g. restaurants, offices, shops, public offices (exluding floors under cash desks and shop counters and narrow unavoidable passageways)
PEI V Tiles for areas with especially intense traffic.
Cleaning “after the installation” helps remove residues of grout-joints, cement and lime. This is obligatory at the end of the installation, for glazed tiles and unglazed tiles. If the cleaning “after the installation” is not carried out properly or if is not carried out at all, is often a cause of marks that prevent the floor from being clean even if a good daily cleaning is performed. Whenever is possible, especially for medium to large surfaces, it is advisable to use a single-brush machine with soft disks (white or beige). The cleaning of cement-based grouts mixed with water it is carried out with specific detergents based with buffered and diluted acids (which are easily available in the market).
Here is some important information about the cleaning after installation:
It is first of all important to distinguish between glazed and full body stoneware. With glazed products it is easy to produce lively colors and still have an opaque finish. The pigments used in the glazes are different from the ones used for the body of the product and offer a wide range of applications. Naturally to obtain lively colors on opaque surfaces it is important to use larger quantities of pigments in the glaze than in honed surfaces. An excellent example of this is Progetto L-14. In the case of full body products it is different (the ones in which the surface is very similar to the body of the tile)…. In this case the pigments are mixed in the body, and it is harder to reproduce lively colors because of the production process. Lively colors though can be obtained on full body stoneware products by surface finishing (such as honing).
No, a joint is always necessary, but depending on the lateral finish of the tile it is possible to have very fine joints (1mm) or larger joints (5mm). Laying the tiles and choosing the joint generally varies according to the characteristics of the collection. It is important to pay attention in harmonizing the product and to keep the tile separators tight while laying. Il the tiles are rectified (perfectly square), they can be laid with a minimum joint of 1 or 2mm so as to create a refined and elegant effect. This kind of solution is ideal for modern products in large formats. In the case of classical and rustic tiles, with non rectified edges, that remain natural after firing, it is generally advised to use a slightly larger joint between 4 or 5 mm in such a way that the esthetical characteristics of the products.
LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) standards are parameters for sustainable building that were developed in America and applied in 40 countries in the World. Processed by USGBC in collaboration with companies and researchers of American and Canadian universities, LEED standards indicate the requisites for constructing eco-compatible buildings capable of functioning in a sustainable and self-sufficient way as far as energy is concerned. In synthesis, it is a rating system (Green Building Rating System) for the development of “green” buildings. The organization that defines and promotes the LEED standards is the U.S. Green Building Council, a non-profit association born in 1993 that today has 11,000 members. Apart from a technical role, the USGBC has also the task of informing, making aware and orientating the community towards eco-sustainable building. LEED is a flexible and articulated system that foresees differentiated formulations for new constructions (NC, New Construction and major renovations), existing buildings (EB, Existing Buildings), schools (LEED for Schools), and small houses (LEED Homes), although maintaining a basic setting that is coherent amongst the various environments. The system is based upon the attribution of credits for each of the requisites characterizing the sustainability of the building. The level of certification derives from the total sum of credits
The criteria are grouped into six categories that foresee compulsory prescribed prerequisites and a number of environmental performances that together define the final score of the building:
Stoneware tiles are obtained by the synterization process of the clay bonding liquid. Firing occurs at a temperature of approximately 1,350°C in furnaces as long as 140 metres, where the raw material is gradually brought to maximum temperature, maintained at that temperature for a short period and gradually cooled until it reaches an environmental temperature. The firing process determines the ceramization/vitrification of the clay bonding liquid, giving the typical characteristics of toughness, impermeability and frost resistance. Various deformations of the previously pressed material occur during firing. The major deformations regard the planarity, calibration and warping. The above-mentioned deformations determine the quality of the finished product. At the end of the firing, the tiles are subdivided into homogeneous classes of size and tone. The material that does not fully conform to the parameters outlined by the UNI norms are declassed (2nd choice, 3rd choice, etc.). With the actual production technology, tiles can be obtained in various formats from 5 x 5 cms to 60 x 120 cms with thicknesses from 7 to 16 mm and be enamelled or not enamelled.
Full body stoneware is a product that shows on the surface exactly the colours that are throughout the whole body of the tile. This characteristic helps in rare cases when a tile splinters and therefore the aesthetic damage is kept to a minimum.
Enamelled colour body grès porcelain is a product coloured in the mixtures of the tile’s body and further enriched by applications of enamelling on the surface.
Grès porcelain tiles can have two different types of edging. Natural(NAT): Edging that comes exclusively from the moulding of the press. Rectified uniform size(RECT): Edging perfectly straight (sometimes accompanied by a slight chamfer around the perimeter of the surface) coming from squaring procedures that bring the pieces to a uniform dimension of the sides, independent of productions lots. Aged: Edging that replicates a random irregularity by mechanical processing after the firing.
By surface finish is meant the processing phase of a piece to obtain determined conditions of surface roughness and shape/dimension tolerances. Grès porcelain tiles can have two different kind of surface finish. Natural finish is very versatile and of universal use. Practically, the tile is not subjected to other processes following the firing. Honed finish exalts the aesthetic valences of the material, increasing the brilliance and elegance. Scratch finish is a process carried out using a scalpel, bit, etc., in such a way as to obtain a rustic finish that is very similar to the raw material. In this way, the structure obtained on the surface of the tile resolves the problem of anti-slip in the presence of water or particular environmental conditions.
Tone is the tonality of colour that characterizes a particular lot of tiles. Seeing that it is almost impossible to produce pieces with identical chromatic tonality in an industrial production, the tiles are grouped together regarding the homogeneity of colour (tone) before being packed.
The phrase “shading” is a denomination which means a passage of visible chromatic gradations that cannot be harmonized. It indicates the difference of tone of single tiles that are not homogeneous. Classes have been established within which the different collections of grès porcelain tiles are classified: V1= uniform V2= slight V3= moderate V4= strong
Lea Ceramiche does not sell directly to the public nor has a factory outlet. Go to any one of the numerous retail stores that sell its products to purchase Lea Ceramiche collections of grès porcelain. To find the names of the nearest stores visit the “retailer” section (link to the section) and carry out a search by country/region/province/council area. The retailer will supply all the necessary information regarding prices
The choice of a ceramic product is completely subjective and personal, apart from the fact that there are products more suitable for using inside or outside as flooring or cladding. All Lea Ceramiche’s catalogues give precise information regarding this. Technical characteristics and factory/product certifications are reported. All grès porcelain products can anyway be used internally or externally but utilized differently depending on whether it is full body grès porcelain or enamelled grès porcelain.
The laying of Lea Ceramiche tiles varies on the basis of the collection’s characteristics. Attention must be paid to harmonizing the product and keeping the grout joints narrow. Furthermore, to ensure a correct fixing as in all Lea Ceramiche grès porcelain materials, it is necessary to add some additives to the setting area and the joints. These materials can be easily purchased in any retail store that sells tile laying products. Particular attention must be paid to cleaning; all traces of grout must be removed from the surface of the tile to simplify maintenance and cleaning.
All information, suggestions and products recommended for ordinary and extraordinary cleaning of Lea Ceramiche grès porcelain tiles can be downloaded in the “cleaning and maintenance” section (link to the section).
The double press procedure is a production process that mixes the different colours of mixtures for the tile’s body in a first pressing and compacts the colours of successive applications by a second pressing.
Rectification is a procedure by which the edges of the tiles are perfectly squared. The tiles can then be laid with minimum joints thereby obtaining an aesthetically refined and elegant result. Rectification is usefull especially forbathroom tiles and kitchen tiles.
The installation on existing floor is a great way to save time and money: no dust, noise, debris disposal costs, no modification to doors. Slimtech plus can be installed on existing ceramic, marble, stone, cotto, wooden or PVC floors.
The existing floor must be dry, stable, sound, perfectly flat and clean, which means that there must not be brittle fragments compromising adhesion. Flatness checking should be performed using a screed with a length of at least 2 metres. Place the screed on the slab in all directions. Any differences in level must be corrected beforehand using suitable levelling products.Check soundness and adhesion. Wash glazed ceramic floors with a solution of water and caustic soda and rinse thoroughly before installation. If chemical cleaning is not possible, adopt mechanical abrasion techniques
Stoneware is longlasting, easily cleanable and does not deteriorate in time. In particular Lea Ceramiche with theBioessenze collection, creates a eco-compatible product that evokes the emotions of wood. Wengè, teak and oak are the types of wood that are carefully reproduced with an extraordinary natural effect that adapt well to all types of décor and style of living. FULL HD technology is used to combine the best of technological research in ceramics with the extraordinary know-how developed by the company over the years. This results in completely new aesthetic and material characteristics that transmit the same natural, enchanting feel and look of wood along with the undeniable advantages of durability, maintenance and inalterability of the best gres porcelain.
All the packaging of stoneware produced by Lea Ceramiche indicate the choice of the tiles in the box. Therefore to be sure that your point of sales sold you first choice tiles, it is enough to control that on the box there is written “I” or “1°”. Depending on the collections, for flooring, decors or special parts, the first choice is indicated by the Arabic or Roman number.
The problem could be due to the glossy glaze. Apart from marks and shinier aspect, these stains when wet create an waterproof effect, sometimes even very evident. Hereunder you will find an explanation to solve your problem which is due to the use of cleaning products containing wax, that with daily use are deposited on the floor. Once this stain is removed it is important to clean with neutral detergents that are diluted and always rinse with water at the end.
INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE USE OF TILE CLEANER detergent (Faberchimica):
Betonicons Ltd. our company offers, technologically largely sophisticated products, up to date designs, fine high-strength fine concrete elements and large table covers, in a detail personalized / customized project solution way. We have, close to a decade of experience to offer our clients, in the field of fine concrete production.
With the technologies we applied, filigree thin, large tables and elements can be created – opening up to lot of new areas where concrete has not been used before.
Our skilled staff carefully follows the ideas from planning, till the full realization of the work - whether it is to keep an apartment interior up to date, or a large-scale public project implementation.
The dramatic looking surface of the fine concrete blocks are said to be neutral in a design aspect – in any environment it starts to come to life due to the environment. With warm materials, such as wood or upholstery, it forms a beautiful contrast meanwhile combined with cold materials, such as brushed steel, metal, glass it creates a technocratic, masculine effect. The appearance of the concretes’ surface can be both, soft and rigid, or depending on the color-and surface, rustic – from the rural to the modern minimal, throughout the industrial appearance.
The standard colours of the elements on the gray scale are arbitrary in cold and warm shades; also we produce unusual color elements on request. Some of our interesting colors are the bleached white and the jet black.
The surface of the concrete structure can be compact or with air pores based on the various blends used. You can choose among six different finishes (brushed, polished, deep brushed patina, polished, natural), furthermore from different surface exclusions such as (company logo, lettering, figural decoration, Anker print, non-slippery surface) – thus our supply can only be limited by your imagination.
Our main articles are including indoor and outdoor wall and floor coverings, public place finishes, large-panel cladding, ventilated façade cladding, indoor and outdoor elements, sills, skirting and staircase elements, street furniture, planters, furniture, panels, covers and trays.The toilets and other sanitary wares, fireplace covers and larger or smaller home accessories, catering equipment are also found in our offer. Our product range is constantly and creatively expanding.
Lay your eyes upon our wooden panel collection, designed by Hungarian designer, made with passion and hard work, aiming to provide the best and most innovative architectural works of art, using sculptured woodwork. Decades of heritage and experience lies behind the design and concept of these walls, making them optically pleasing, aesthetic and unique. Their (3D) three-dimensional panel design is made to transform your private residence, offices and hotel rooms into artistic wonders, giving the sensation that the space itself is living and breathing, like the wood it was made of.
Bending the veneers requires a complex series of procedures, including the multilayer technology. Our panels are lightweight, despite the structural depth, weighting only 10 kilograms per the standard sized panel, which is 940x940 millimeters (37x37 inch). The installation is a simple task; every set is uniquely created to fit easily on any wall type be it an existing flat/straight wall --brick or plasterboard, or just their structure -- 2x4 or aluminum profiles.
Our collection consist our newest product, the motorized wall covering. Designed primarily but not exclusively for home theater applications, the system reveals a cinema display hidden behind the sculptural wooden panels.